Syrians

Hurrian chariot warrior aristocracy (Maryannu) dominated the city states of Syria and Canaan. Some of these, the Hyksos, invaded Egypt. Later, the Hurrians formed the powerful Mitannian Empire in Syria and North Mesopotamia which fought resurgent Egypt for control of the region and ruled Assyria for a time. The Canaanites with Mitannian allies fought the Egyptians at Megiddo. The Hittites defeated Syrians and Hurrians and incorporated them into their empire as vassal kingdoms. The Canaanites fought against the Habiru tribes (Hebrews) until the Hebrews succeeded in carving out a kingdom in Canaan.

The Hyksos fought Egypt, as did the Canaanites, Syrians and Hurrians. They also fought against and later allied with the Hittites. Hurrians fought against Assyria. There was constant fighting among the kingdoms as well as against the Habiru and desert nomads and against Sea Peoples raiders.

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